iron & steel

Wrought Iron

As discussed in the previous post, plane blades from the 19th century were typically made of a wrought iron backing with a hard steel bit …

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Crucible steel

The crucible steel made in Sheffield maintained a reputation as the best steel in the world for nearly two centuries. This success was built on …

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The Bessemer Process

By the 1850s the demand for the high quality steel – driven by the rapidly expanding railway, armaments and ship building industries – was beginning …

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