do mini plinths work?
Given limits of time and intellect I have been forced to boil down the doubtless very complex relationship between pressure and ground type to a few hand-wavy sums. I hope there are no actual engineers reading. Here goes:
How much does a 3.6m2 garden building weigh (roughly)?
- SIP panels are about 25kg/m2 ~1600kg
- plasterboard and timber ~ 200kg
- x9 mini-plinths ~ 150kg
live weight (people and furniture)
Grand total – 2750kg
Apart from the first item, these are all complete guesses. Luckily the engineering world has a special term for the fact that there is always some uncertainty in any estimate, and this is ‘factor of safety’. Given my lack of knowledge, I should probably use a very high factor of safety, but I have decided upon x2.
This means I should be planning for a maximum load equivalent to 5500kg. you may recall that 100kg = about 1kN so the maximum weight the foundations need to support = 5500/100 = 55 kN
We now need to know the surface area the load will be placed upon:
The mini-plinths are 450mm square and can be placed at 1.8m centres, so I would need x9 giving a total area of ~ 1.8m2
Therefore we now know the bearing pressure caused by the load of this building is:
55/1.8 = 30 kN/m2
- I did not understand the maths involved in calculating the additional load caused by wind, snow and the like, so I have conveniently ignored these complications factors for this calculation.
- The only engineering certificate I could locate for this type of foundations contained the following caveat:”.. the imposed load per pad is no greater than 48kN and the ground bearing pressure is no less than 130kn/m2, otherwise additional dispersion measures must be undertaken on a project specific basis”
… hmm. Despite this I am going ahead with the mini-plinths and have rationalized this decision as follows:
- Let’s assume that my original weight calculation is about right, and then I invited 3 fat fellows around to have a look inside and it was windy and it had just snowed, would it really more than double the load on the plinths? Well let’s hope not!
- the plinths are adjustable up to 50mm in-situ, so if I am wrong and the workshop sinks I can just get a spanner out.
in other news, I nearly have all my quotes in and I started to clear the space for the building at the weekend.